Estonia…expandiendo nuestros horizontes

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Vivimos en Argentina, y contentos de ello, es mas, orgullosos de ser Argentinos, pero ello no implica que cual caballo con anteojeras, no podamos ver mas allá de nuestras fronteras, hoy expandimos nuestros horizontes hasta… Estonia (Jorge Tuero)

Estonia, oficialmente República de Estonia (en estonio: Eesti Vabariik), es una república báltica situada en el norte de Europa.

Desde 2004 forma parte de la Unión Europea (UE) y de la OTAN. Limita al sur con Letonia, al este con Rusia, al norte con el golfo de Finlandia y al oeste con el mar Báltico.

Está dividida políticamente en 15 condados, y la capital del país es su ciudad más grande, Tallin. Con una población de 1.3 millones, Estonia es uno de los países menos poblados dentro de la Unión Europea.

Hoy lanza al mundo un desafío sin fronteras

Building a digital society by facilitating citizen interaction with the state using electronic solutions leading to higher work productivity

Key facts

  • e-Estonia¹ refers to a movement by the Government of Estonia to facilitate citizen interactions with the state through the use of electronic solutions.
  • Estonia offers 600 e-services to its citizens and 2,400 to businesses, moving functions to an online environment, cutting down on bureaucratic red tape and making administrations work more effectively (e.g. taxes take less than an hour to file).
  • In 2000, the government declared internet access to be a human right.

Uniqueness

  • To grow the digital economy, attract new investment and connect with new businesses, Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency – a transnational digital identity available to anyone interested in establishing and administering a location-independent business online.
  • There are currently over 1500 e-Residents from 73 countries around the world.
  • Striving towards an open and transparent government, Estonians have complete control over their personal data.

Value

  • By 1997, 97% of Estonian schools were online and in 2000, cabinet meetings went paperless.
  • By 2002, the government had built a free Wi-Fi network that covered most of the populated areas and by 2007, Estonia had introduced evoting.
  • In 2012, 94% of the country’s tax returns were being made online, taking users an average of five minutes to fill in the sections that had not been automatically completed, between the tax office and local banks.

Approach

  • e-Estonia is made possible due to it’s infrastructure. Instead of developing a central system, Estonia created an open, decentralized system.
  • X-Road that links together various services and databases using high standards of encryption.
  • e-Estonia’s flexible component systems allows the government to add e-services in the future, enabling government systems to grow organically.
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